Rybí restaurace Šupina a Šupinka, apartmány

Pike pearch

Drawing © Radek Doško

  • Latin name: Sander lucioperca
  • Slovak: Zubáč obyčajný
  • English: Pike perch
  • German: Zander
  • sort: Perciformes
  • family: Percidae
  • feed: predator
  • life span: 15 years
  • sexual maturity: 3rd to 5th year
  • reproduction: April - June
  • common size: 40-70 cm
  • maximum: around 110 cm

This species originated in the area of Eastern Europe stretching up to Southern Scandinavia.  Zander (Pikeperch) is not indigenous to many Czech fisheries but it has been intensively stocked because of its consuming and sporting value.

It was introduced as a complementary species into the carp ponds in the region of Třeboň probably at the end of the 18th century and later it became an important representative of the stocking in the newly built reservoirs.  Good experience with this species resulted in stocking zander in many waters of Western Europe (Germany, France, and Spain) and even in the U.S.

Zander is quite easily recognisable and so distinctive that it could be possibly mixed up only with its relative Volga zander thriving in our country only in South Moravia.  A typical feature of zander is its long elongated body with small rough scales equipped with two dorsal fins. The basic colour is grey with yellowish and greenish shades and it has dark back and white belly.

There are several darker vertical bars along the flanks; however, they fade away as the fish grows. The eyes of the zander are perfect for life in darkness; the eyes consist, among others, of a highly-reflective layer evoking an impression the eyes emit light.

The ventral fins are just behind the pectoral fins enabling zander to move unnoticeably and stealthily just above the bottom. The array of teeth in the mouth of the zander features several noticeable teeth called “fang teeth”.

It is this feature that distinguishes this zander strain from the Volga zander. The amount of scales over their heads is another feature enabling to distinguish these strains from each other - zander having scales over the uppermost part of the gill bone and the Volga zander having scales covering the area up to the eyes. The zander is considered a relatively sensitive fish needing plenty of oxygen and suffering from wrong handling.

When harvesting a pond, it is necessary to pick this species first; the fish often dies during sport fishing when the specimens are more deeply hooked and when the fish is landed from deep water. If the zander is to be returned into water, it is necessary the fisherman handles the fish very carefully.

Fishing for zander is very popular and lots of fishermen specialise in it. Due to its high-quality meat and the price it is often illegally fished which is a widely-spread phenomenon in some localities.

The zander is not endangered by excessive fishing, however, a decrease in its stocking rates has been observed here and there and the number of bigger specimens is decreasing, too.

You can find more information at www.mrk.cz Section ‘Fish Encyclopaedia’.